Great Debates: Niels Bohr takes on Einstein, October 1927

"Everybody is a genius. But if you judge a fish by its ability to climb a tree, it will live its whole life believing that it is stupid." - Albert Einstein

In the world of physics, there are few superstars. Our icon in the field is Albert Einstein. Einstein's brilliant mind, ground-breaking career, and legendary thought experiments make him an example of contemporary genius. And he was certainly the man of the hour at the October 1927 Solvay Conference in Brussels. When twenty-nine stellar scientists converged on the conference to mull over the experimental record of the newly identified photon, they looked to Einstein for approval. Photons were a disturbing and exciting discovery that had theorists scrambling for answers. WHY did these newfound quantum anomalies seemingly break all the rules and behave as both a wave and a particle?